Unhappy marriage led to founding of Texas?


I’m looking for more photographs of presidents, especially Millard Fillmore and Andrew Johnson at the moment.  Only a tiny handful of photos are available for Fillmore, and generally, there are only three photos of Andrew Johnson.  Are there other photos hidden in archives, or is that really a reflection of how many photos were made of the two men?

The search continues.

While searching the archives at the University of Tennessee, I came across this press release on a wedding invitation to Sam Houston’s first marriage, in Tennessee, when he was governor of that state.  It features a photo of Houston that’s a little rare — and an interesting story.

Houston’s first marriage failed fast and hard.  He was so shaken that he resigned his office as governor of Tennessee, and left for Indian territories.  Eventually he found himself in Texas, and he was the leader of the Texian forces that defeated and captured Mexico’s President Santa Ana, securing independence from Mexico for Texas.  Houston was president of the Texas Republic, and governor of the State of Texas.

What would Texas history be had Houston’s first marriage been happy, and he had stayed in Tennessee?



March 23, 2007

University of Tennessee Special Collections Library acquires rare invitation to Sam Houston’s 1829 wedding

samhouston.jpgThe Special Collections Library at the University of Tennessee recently purchased a copy of an invitation to the sudden January 1829 wedding of then-Tennessee governor Sam Houston and Eliza Allen. This rare item may be only one of its kind.

Aaron Purcell, university archivist, discovered the piece on eBay.com and purchased the invitation on February 14, 2007, just over 178 years after the wedding date. The invitation was kept by descendants of one of the wedding guests for five generations.

Sam Houston is an important figure in Tennessee’s history, serving as governor from 1827-1829 and representing the state in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1823-1827. Born in Lexington, Virginia, in 1793, his family moved to Maryville, Tennessee, in 1806. Houston joined the army in 1813 and fought at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814. There he caught the attention of Andrew Jackson. Jackson became Houston’s mentor and helped guide his political career.

While governor, Houston briefly courted 18-year-old Eliza Allen, daughter of a wealthy Gallatin, Tennessee, businessman. On January 15, 1829, the couple mailed a handful of invitations to a small January 22nd wedding at the Allen family home. It is one of these few invitations that UT was able to purchase.

invitation.jpgThe invitation UT acquired is addressed to Miss Harriet Roulstone, the daughter of George Roulstone, who in 1791 founded the Knoxville Gazette, the state’s first newspaper.

Shortly after the ceremony, the newlyweds were at odds. After 11 weeks, Eliza Allen left her husband and returned to her family’s home in Gallatin. There are many theories as to why the marriage was so short-lived, but none are substantiated. Allen burned all of her letters regarding the relationship and Houston was reluctant to speak about his brief marriage.

The invitation gives few details about the wedding, but the piece remained in the Roulstone family for many years, tucked in a trunk with other important family papers.

Shortly after his marriage dissolved, Houston resigned his position as governor and fled to Indian Territory. He married a Cherokee woman and became a citizen of the Cherokee Nation. Houston returned to public service in Texas, serving as president of the Republic of Texas, U.S. senator, and making several failed presidential runs. He died in 1863, leaving behind a complex legacy.

“Sam Houston materials are exceedingly rare and expensive,” Purcell said. UT holds only one other Houston item in its collections, a letter to Colonel Ramsey, dated February 1829. Both items are available for research use in the Special Collections Library at 1401 Cumberland Avenue.

About the Special Collections Library
The University of Tennessee Special Collections Library was founded in 1960 and resides in the historic James D. Hoskins Library building. Materials in special collections include manuscripts, books and other rare materials for research use. For more information, contact the library at (865) 974-4480  or visit www.lib.utk.edu/spcoll/.

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3 Responses to Unhappy marriage led to founding of Texas?

  1. Bryan says:

    I recommend H W Brands’ “Lone Star Nation” for a great treatment of Houston (as well as Austin, Crockett, etc.). BTW, if I recall correctly, while Houston did leave his wife, it was because she professed, after their marriage, that she did not love him. It took him many years to get over her.

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  2. mikeyes says:

    One of the questions I like to ask Texans (my being from Tennessee) is “What governor of Tennesee became the first president of a foreign country?” Very few Texans, even the educated ones, can tell me.

    His leaving his wife and living with an Indian woman was a great scandal that seems to persist even today in Tennessee. A great character who opposed Texas seceding from the Union. If he wasn’t Sam Houston, he would have been imprisoned.

    There is a huge statue (over 70 feet tall with the base) of Houston in Huntsville, TX just north of the the city of Houston on Interstate 45. You can’t miss it as you head towards Dallas.

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